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Fruits in China [Audios and PDF]

Fruit, 水果shuǐ guǒ is a crucial dietary element that can bring rich vitamin, coarse fibres and other trace elements to nourish the human body and benefit human’s health. Moderate intake of fruits can also help you keep a balanced diet on daily basis. Because it can replace partial intake of fat and carbohydrates so it is helpful when people want to keep fit.

Climates and geographical features vary in different corners of the world, which will lead to various fruits choices in different places. Among those hundreds of varieties, what kind of fruits you can have when living and learning in China? 

What kind of fruit grows in China?

China is a country with vast land and different climates. There are different regional fruits according to local climate and soil quality.

Tropical and subtropical fruits such as coconut, mango, pineapple, longan, lychee, grapefruit, banana, etc. are only distributed in southern China, for the lower temperature of north China cannot provide enough heat to grow these fruits. The southern province of Yunnan is famous as the Kingdom of variant tropical and subtropical fruits throughout the whole year. In Yunnan, fruits can also be cooked as a dish. The pickled spicy fruit is one of the dishes that you must try when learning Mandarin in Kunming, Yunnan

Citrus, loquat and other subtropical fruits can tolerate light coldness, but temperatures around –9°C or even colder can still cause severe freezing damage to these fruits, so these fruits are generally only distributed in the southern part of the Qinling-Huaihe area.

The temperate zone in the north of the Qinling-Huaihe area is rich in temperate fruits such as apples, pears, persimmons, and grapes.

In the northern areas of the Great Wall and northern Xinjiang area, it is very difficult to grow temperate fruits like apples because of the extreme coldness on winter days.

In recent years, methods such as grafting and hybridization are applied more frequently; benefited from these techniques, apples have expanded in the further northern area of China currently.

Is fruit expensive in China?

Fruits produced in China are always sold at a reasonable price. There are many reasons why fruits are not expensive in China:

  1. China’s labour costs are low.
  2. The land suitable for growing fruits in China is vast and the land cost is low.
  3. There are many farmers in China, as well as many fruit growers, so the annual production amount of fruit is relatively high. But at the same time, the commercializing process and industrializing process of fruits are not easy in China. Therefore, during the harvest season, fruit growers generally choose to use the low price strategy to compete with each other, which leads to lower fruit prices.
  4. Organic fruits are not widely consumed in China, and the market for high-priced organic fruits is not large. The situation would be different if you’re willing to pay for organic fruits and imported fruits. The price for these imported fruits is much more expensive compared with locally planted ones.

Besides, you can always find the wholesale market to buy cheap fruit in great amount when living in China. Convenient transportation and logistics service also make it easier to buy fruits at a good price in China. 

Where to buy fruits in China?

A supermarket, fruit stores, a wholesale market for fruits or fruit stands at the agricultural products trading market are all places that you can find good quality fruits.

The differences among these places for buying fruits mainly fall on the price, the quality and the kinds of fruits that you can have as options.

In China, you can also buy fruits by making orders on a food delivery App. Not only fruits you can purchase through the service provided by a food delivery app but also meals and other groceries can be bought through a mobile app. You will greatly benefit from the convenience of different kinds of useful apps on mobile when living in China. These smart apps will help you reach a different aspect of your daily life, so your transition here will also be smoother and easier.

What are the most popular fruits in China?

Some fruits are very common to see in China and also very welcomed by Chinese people.

Watermelons, apples, grapes, pears, mandarins, bananas, strawberries, pineapples, lychees, longan, cherries, mangos, papayas, grapefruits and peaches are all popular fruits in China.    

Some of the fruits are even more popular than others for they can be used as cooking ingredients of Chinese cuisine. There are many popular Chinese dishes are cooked with fruits, such as the pineapple used in the dish of sour-sweet spareribs, the papaya salad, candied sweet banana/apple, fried bananas and spicy pickled fruits in Yunnan and Guangxi provinces. With the unique intelligence of Chinese culinary philosophy, the fruits are fully interpreted in Chinese cuisine.

Chinese vocabularies for fruits

Now it’s time for us to learn some general words about fruits in Chinese!

Taking above mentioned popular fruits in China as instances.

Watermelons 西瓜 xī guā Apple 苹果 píng guǒ Grapes 葡萄 pú táo
Pears 梨 lí Mandarins 桔子 jú zǐ Orange 橙子 chéng zǐ
Bananas 香蕉 xiāng jiāo Strawberries 草莓 cǎo méi Pineapples 菠萝 bō luó
Lychees 荔枝 lì zhī Longan 龙眼 lóng yǎn Cherries 樱桃 yīng táo
Mangos 芒果 máng guǒ Papayas 木瓜 mù guā Grapefruits 柚子 yòu zǐ
Peaches 桃子 táo zǐ Passion Fruit 百香果 bǎi xiāng guǒ Dragon Fruit 火龙果 huǒ lóng guǒ 
Blueberry 蓝莓 lán méi Cranberry 蔓越莓 màn yuè méi Raspberry 树莓 shù méi
Cactus Pear/Tuna 仙人掌果 xiān rén zhǎng guǒ 
Cherimoya/guanabana 番荔枝 fān lì zhī Mamoncillo 蜜果/西班牙青柠 mì guǒ /xī bān yá qīng níng
Cashew 腰果 yāo guǒ  Uvilla 灯笼果 dēng lóng guǒ  Lima 青柠 qīng níng
Carambola 杨桃 yáng táo  Durian 榴莲 liú lián kiwi 猕猴桃 mí hóu táo 

 


Download the PDF of [Fruits Vocabularies in Chinese]


Besides learning the Chinese vocabularies of fruits, you can also try learning how to say vegetables in Chinese and how to say meat in Chinese at the same time.

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FAQ

1. How to ask for the price of the fruits?
  • How much is this?

zhè gè duō shǎo qián ?/zhè gè zěn me mài ?

这个多少钱?/这个怎么卖?

  • How much for one kilogram of …. (name of the fruits)?

zhè gè …duō shǎo qián yī gōng jīn ?

这个…多少钱一公斤?

  • Can it be cheaper?

néng bú néng biàn yí yī diǎn ?

  • 能不能便宜一点?

Sir/Madam, please offer me a cheaper price!

lǎo bǎn ,zài biàn yí yī diǎn !

老板,再便宜一点!

2. What kind of Chinese cuisine use fruits as ingredients?

Sour-sweet spareribs (using pineapples )

táng cù gū lū ròu 糖醋咕噜肉

Stirred-fried Mango Beef

máng guǒ niú ròu 芒果牛肉

Fried Bananas

zhà xiāng jiāo 炸香蕉

3. Is there any fruit that you can only find in China?

爱玉果ài yù guǒ, Ficus pumila var. awkeotsang

It is a kind of fruit popular in Taiwan. Local people prefer calling it ài-gio̍k. It is a good material for making ice jelly in the summertime.

4. Do you know that fruits can be a medicine ingredients too in TCM?

Some fruits are not only delicious foods, but can also be used as Chinese medicine, which can play a very good role in preventing diseases and managing healthiness.

For example,

Raspberry 树莓

Hawthorn 山楂

Loquat 枇杷

Mulberry 桑葚

The above fruits can all be applied as an ingredient of Chinese medicine.

5. What is the most popular fruits snack in China in 2021?

It must be the 奶枣 nǎi zǎo, a kind of sweet that can be described as Tuffey covered Chinese date with an Almond stuffed inside!

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