Are you eager to learn the Chinese language but still bothered by your less knowledge of Chinese and have no idea how to launch on your own Chinese learning journey?
Today, we will have a look at the Mandarin Chinese together and also get a comprehensive understanding of the Chinese language. This article is the Beginner Guide in 2022 for learning the Chinese language. After reading this blog, you could be clearer about what action you should take next.
Before you learn how to learn the Chinese language easily and efficiently, let’s talk about this ancient language together first! What is the Chinese language or Chinese Mandarin?
General Introductions about the Chinese Language
It is a tonal language.
Unlike many European languages, the Chinese language uses Pinyin and four different tones, which is called Shengdiao in Chinese, to indicate different pronunciations and mark the standard pronunciation of a specific Chinese character or word. It also contributes to differentiating Chinese words’ meaning with the same Pinyin pronunciation but wrote down in different Characters. This is not a unique feature of Chinese Mandarin. In the Sino-Tibet languages family, Vietnamese, Thai & Kampuchean also share this feature.
The writing system of Chinese characters
Different from the alphabetic and phonetic writing system of most European languages, Chinese characters are ideographic. Within the alphabetic and phonetic writing system, you can form different words by combining a few letters from 26 Roman letters from A-Z. It covers almost everything. However, when it comes to the ideographic system of Chinese characters, it works in a totally different manner. You wouldn’t see any letter in Chinese except for PINYIN.
As an excellent representative of graphic text, the Chinese characters originated from drawings, each intended to visually depict a vivid scene – at least it’s how it was at the beginning of its emerging over 3,000 years ago.
The smallest meaningful element in the Chinese writing system is the characters; each can be viewed as a “word” if you look forward to a comparable concept in the English language. Each Chinese character consists of radicals and strokes. The radicals are another important part of Chinese characters. They can also indicate a specific character’s potential meaning and pronunciation once you have obtained the Chinese language sense.
Learn more about the 500 most commonly used Chinese characters through the blog posted by Keats School.
Like it has been mentioned previously, Pinyin is a useful tool for a Mandarin beginner. It will be beneficial when you initially start learning the Chinese language. At the early stage of your Mandarin learning, you can even practice and learn some basic verbal communication abilities in Chinese by using Pinyin without studying the difficult characters.
Pinyin, as a handy and helpful learning tool for many Mandarin learners, can not only facilitate the process of getting the ability of reading and speaking at the initial stage of learning but also can be regarded as the cornerstone that can help a Chinese language learner lay a firm foundation for the future learning sessions.
For anyone who is seriously considering taking on the journey of learning Chinese, the learning and mastering of Pinyin are very essential.
Simplified Chinese and Traditional Chinese
When learning the Chinese language, there is always an unavoidable topic: which one is the standard written Chinese language to learn? Traditional Chinese or Simplified Chinese? Why are there two writing systems?
As its name indicates, the Traditional Chinese is a traditional version of text/scripts that had been written by Chinese people and continuously evolved for thousands of years. The Traditional Chinese characters are in a more complex shape and contain more strokes. It’s mainly used in Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, and other areas inhabited by ethnic Chinese.
On the contrary, the Simplified Chinese writing system contains fewer strokes and is demonstrated in a simpler structure (compared to the Traditional version). It was adopted and standardized as the nationally official written text by the Chinese government in the 1950s.
The Simplified Chinese characters still carry the beauty and essence of this language and culture. In most cases, you will be learning this simplified Chinese character when we talk about learning the Chinese language.
As a Mandarin beginner, it is always better and easier to start with simplified Chinese. Not only it’s the official written text used nowadays in China, but also it can save lots of your effort on learning Chinese characters. You may go further to study the Traditional Chinese character once you obtained a high proficiency in the Chinese language and get more interested in China’s traditional literature and culture.
It’s not only about the language.
The Chinese speaking community has created and is still creating pearls of wisdom and other “spiritual treasures”， from the traditional legacies dated thousands of years ago like the lunar calendars, zodiac systems, poems, water-ink paintings, calligraphy works, Feng-Shui, and Kung Fu to the modern-day entertainment products like the TV series, movies, novels, and popular songs.
Only by reading or watching these contents through the Chinese language can you appreciate and enjoy the true cultural meaning and charm. It is not enough to rely on translation to appreciate these cultural arts because translation often inevitably loses subtle but important information.
The Chinese speaking community has created and is still creating a full array of pearls of wisdom and other “spiritual treasures” – from the traditional legacies dated thousands of years ago like the lunar calendars, zodiac systems, poems, water-ink paintings and calligraphy works, Feng-Shui, Kung Fu, to the modern-day entertainment products like the TV series, movies, novels, popular songs, and dramas. To appreciate and enjoy all these contents, reading or watching them in their original language will surely allow you to feel more of its true connotation than merely relying upon translators. Some subtle but important nuances would inevitably be lost in the translation.
After general knowledge about the Chinese language, you may get even more excited about learning this ancient oriental language. At the same time, you may also still be concerned about how difficult it will be to obtain this language and how long it takes to achieve proficiency of daily communication?
My answer is that – Mandarin Chinese is not that tough to conquer. All you need is patience and persistent efforts to put into the learning process. You will find yourself making huge progress after a period time of hard-working if you can study it with professional instruction from well-trained Chinese teachers.
At Keats School, we promise that you will be able to approach the Chinese proficiency of HSK-4/HSK-5 within one or two years of intensive one-on-one Chinese study, even you’re a zero-basis starter. Because Keats teaching team has rich experience in teaching the Chinese language and has also developed its unique methodology of helping Mandarin learners.
It’s not meaning that learning the Chinese language is just like a piece of cake. Naturally, along your journey of learning, you would face some challenges when you try to go further. Still, since this blog article is a general introduction for Mandarin beginners, I prefer to mention less about this part and try to help these ambitious language learners stride out their first steps.
If you’re eager to learn the tricks about learning the Chinese language easily, you may check the other Keats blogs.
The last thing about learning Mandarin is to be consistent in how you learn. By sticking to a regular routine, you are more likely to remember what you have learned and expanded your Chinese knowledge with new content.